Mouton-Rothschild was upgraded to First Growth status in 1973. Long before that, in the 1850s Baron Nathaniel de Rothschild – an English member of the by then already wealthy family - had set his heart on acquiring a Bordeaux estate. His gaze fell on Chateau Brane Mouton (Mouton meaning “small hill”) and in 1853 acquired it. In 1868, James Rothschild, another member of the family purchased Chateau Lafite. The 5 pointed crest of the labels of the Rothschild family wines symbolises the five sons of the first generation of the family. The modern history of Mouton Rothschild really begins with the young Baron Philippe Rothschild. In the 1920s he was the first in Bordeaux to insist on bottling at the estate. Artist designed unique annual labels then appeared from 1924. He relentlessly drove up the quality and prestige of the estate until the famous ‘upgrade’ in 1973. The Mouton vineyard is older than most in Bordeaux, with vines averaging 50 years, and some going back over 100! It is one of the world’s truly ‘great’ wine estates.